“Umma” is an Arabic word meaning “community”. It is also a multidisciplinary project of Dr. Artur Obłuski from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, which was awarded by the European Research Council.
Dr. Artur Obłuski is the first Polish archaeologist from the University of Warsaw who received the most prestigious European grant. It was awarded by the European Research Council which encourages the highest quality research in Europe through competitive funding and supports investigator-driven frontier research across all fields, on the basis of scientific excellence.
The project “UMMA – Urban Metamorphosis of the community of a Medieval African capital city” aimed as the first study of the liminal phases of a Christian African community inhabiting Dongola, the capital city of Makuria (modern Sudan). It will concern the twilight of Christian Dongola and the metamorphosis of its urban community into a new entity organised along different social and religious paradigms.
The project will investigate the impact between the weakening of the central authority and migrations of Islamic Arab tribes on the kingdom’s capital city and its community.
The notion that the project intends to investigate is that a complete breakdown of this urban organism and its hinterland was avoided thanks to cooperation established between the remaining local community and migrant population groups arriving in the period under consideration. The project will seek to identify strategies of interaction between the local community and the newcomers, as well as patterns of survival of the old traditions on household level.
UMMA will lay foundations for further enquiries into evolution of precolonial African communities and provoke a general discussion on social changes in urban environments. It will unfold a whole new research perspective on the period from the gradual decline of the kingdom of Makuria (14th-15th cent. CE) to the Egyptian invasion in 1820, which is virtually absent from scholarly enquiry to date.
UMMA brings together specialists from several disciplines to carry out an exemplary archaeological project to set the standards for future archaeological research on late medieval and early modern Sudan. The project will combine methods of inquiry used in disciplines like history, archaeology, geophysics, chemistry and physics to obtain a multifaceted, crossdisciplinary perspective on the social phenomenon of liminal periods in urbanism.
The archaeologist received the ERC grant which equals almost 1.5 million euro.